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What’s new at ROC

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has asked the companies to file their balance sheets and profit & loss accounts till October 15, giving them an extension of one month from previous deadline

As per Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) notification, digital signature is compulsory for individuals, firms, HUF, AO/BOI who is liable to tax audit as per Section 44AB of the Income Tax Act, 1961 and in case of Companies digital signature has been mandatory for last few years

Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has empowered Regional Directors to take decisions on matters like change of offices of the companies
The ROC, established by the MCA under Section 609 of the Companies Act, ensures statutory compliance by all registered companies in the country.
The ROC has the powers to recall any documents or explanation from the firm in question


About ROC

Registrars of Companies (ROC) appointed under Section 609 of the Companies Act covering the various States and Union Territories are vested with the primary duty of registering companies floated in the respective states and the Union Territories and ensuring that such companies comply with statutory requirements under the Act.

These offices function as registry of records, relating to the companies registered with them, which are available for inspection by members of public on payment of the prescribed fee. The Central Government exercises administrative control over these offices through the respective Regional Directors.

Filing under ROC

The Companies Act, 1956, provides for and casts an obligation on Companies incorporated under the Act to file various forms, returns and documents under various sections with the Registrar of Companies in an electronic mode within the prescribed time along with the prescribed fees or with payment of additional fees in the event of delayed filing

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has introduced a new e-governance Project MCA-21 which is designed to fully automate all processes related to pro-active enforcement and compliance of legal requirements under the Companies Act, 1956. The major component of this project are front office and back office. The front office is administered through the portal www.mca.gov.in. since September 30, 2006. Physical filing of forms under Companies Act has been discontinued and the physical form discarded.. All filing after September 30, 2006 is through e-filing using specially designed e-forms.

The various documents, returns etc. that are required to be filed with the ROC could be categorized as those which are required to be filed once in a year (Annual Filing Obligations) and those which are required to be filed from time to time with ROC/Central Government as provided under the Act (Other Filing Obligations)

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